CINOP- Leaving school early. City portraits.
June 2006 -This publication shows how six European cities (Amsterdam, Antwerp, Dordrecht, Hamburg, Leeds and Utrecht) confront the problem of early school leaving.
The city portraits are based on two approaches:
- The first is a system approach, focusing primarily on the education system and, where necessary, on its effectiveness. In addressing the problem, it is necessary to look at the schools and the education system first.
- The second approach looks at the individual, focusing on the social circumstances (individual, family and peer group) of the school leaver/drop out or potential school leaver/drop out. Measures more specifically target the individual.
The study shows that Hamburg and the Dutch cities take a more system-oriented approach, while Antwerp and Leeds reflect a more individual-oriented approach. Each approach has advantages and disadvantages. It would be useful to determine which issues would be addressed or ignored when one of these approaches is selected.
The model proposed in this publication therefore can be a starting point for reflection on current approaches to tackle the number of early schoolleavers. The study is also a starting point for further discussion of the subject.
This publication is available in English